Analyses of serological and genetic characteristics on novel H1N1 influenza a virus from the infected patient in Shenzhen

Wu, C.-L.; Cheng, X.-W.; Lv, X.; He, J.-F.; Huang, Y.-M.; Wang, X.; Fang, S.-S.; Zhang, R.-L.; Cheng, J.-Q.

Bing du Xue Bao 26(6): 453-459


ISSN/ISBN: 1000-8721
PMID: 21344749
Document Number: 641293
Analysis of serological and genetic characteristics on 2009 swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus (S-OIV) isolated from four patients with severe disease in Shenzhen were performed. Microneutralization assay showed that the neutralizing antibody titers of the infected patients did not exceed 1 : 20 in a short term post infection, which could not neutralize the viruses efficiently. Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests confirmed that the antigenicity of S-OIV from the patients was distinct from the seasonal influenza A virus, but similar to the reference strains of S-OIV. Phylogenetic and molecular analysis showed that S-OIV from the patients still belonged to the classical swine lineages and did not have the genetic characteristics of highly pathogenic influenza virus. Several amino acid residue mutations on HA protein were detected, which seemed not to affect the virulence and pathogenicity of the viruses. Further, A His 275 Tyr mutation on NA protein of a virus strain was detected, which induced the oseltamivir resistance of the virus.

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