Changes in the rat's motor behaviour during 4-hr inhalation exposure to prenarcotic concentrations of benzene and its derivatives

Molnár, J.; Paksy, K.A.; Náray, M.

Acta Physiologica Hungarica 67(3): 349-354

1986


ISSN/ISBN: 0231-424X
PMID: 3751604
Document Number: 3862
Group motility was recorded continuously in male rats during the inhalation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m- and p-xylene vapours. The solvents were applied in at least six concentrations, up to those inducing anaesthesia. Minimum narcotic concentrations (ppm) were: 5940 (benzene), 3590 (toluene), 2180 (ethyl-benzene), 2180 (0-xylene), 2100 (m-xylene), and 1940 (p-xylene). The results indicate that prenarcotic concentrations of these structurally related aromatic hydrocarbons and also the xylene isomers elicit qualitatively and quantitatively different acute behavioral effects. Except o-xylene which caused depression only the agents produced bell-shaped concentration-action curves characteristic of the biphasic effect, i.e., activation at lower and depression at higher concentrations. The curves differed in form and magnitude depending on the stimulatory potency and on the range of effective concentrations. Based on arbitrary assessment of central excitation, the five aromatics may be ranked as follows: benzene and toluene (striking activation), p-xylene (marked activation), ethylbenzene (moderate activation), m-xylene (slight activation). At the same time, high degree of motor incoordination, and in the case of benzene and p-xylene, also marked tremor could be seen.

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Changes in the rat's motor behaviour during 4-hr inhalation exposure to prenarcotic concentrations of benzene and its derivatives