Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Life difficulties and response to treatment

Devilat, M.; Chamorro, R.; Erazo, R.; Germain, L.; Mena, F.; Valenzuela, B.

Revista Chilena de Pediatria 61(2): 99-102

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0370-4106
PMID: 2136690
Document Number: 366792
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) may have different forms of clinical expression and produces different kinds of life difficulties. Both eventualities have not been sufficiently described in the literature. Treatment with valproic acid is useful but requires strict compliance of medical instructions. Thirty two patients with this disease, are presented in order to describe their presenting forms, associated life handicaps and the results of their treatment. The disease may first present as tonic-clonic, complex absence or complex partial seizures, followed months or years later, by typical myoclonic crisis or as JME to which other kinds of epileptic crisis may or not be added after some time. Twenty four (75%) patients had 38 life difficulties, these being, mainly, objects dropped from hand, burns and parental aggression. Eighteen (56.25%) patients had relapses during treatment. In 14 cases (77.77%) relapses were due to noncompliance, 8 (57.19%) patients couldn't afford the cost of valproic acid. Knowledge of the presenting forms of the disease may favor opportune diagnosis and treatment, which would prevent life difficulties. Relapses are mainly due to noncompliance and economic reasons.

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