Variations in moose population and distribution in Estonia during the recent centuries Geography of the land animal population and methods of investigating it Ref. Zhur., Biol., 1961, No. 1D683.

Ling, K.I.

Akad Nauk Sssr Moscow : 208-216


Document Number: 521808
The moose population fluctuated sharply in the northern Pribaltika during recent centuries. Moose were numerous in Estonia during the first half of the 18th century. Their number was curtailed sharply in 1751 and 1752 by an outbreak of anthrax, then increased slightly towards the end of the 18th century and remained constant at that level during the first half of the 19th century. A large number of moose migrated in from the Pskovskaya guberniya during the sixties of the 19th century, and the migration was further observed in 1882, 1883 and 1897. The total number of moose in Estlyandiya, Liflyandiya and Kurlyandiya reached about 3000 head in the beginning of the 20th century. Poaching reduced the population to half by 1906, and toward the end of World War I only 20 head were counted in Estonia. Prohibition of hunting brought about a rise in the moose population. From 1925 to 1929, and from 1931 to 1939, the population increased annually by 17% to 25%. Due to a westward migration, the moose population increased by 70% from 1929 to 1931. A sharp upturn occurred towards 1949. In 1950 the rate of increase was 52%; in the succeeding years 16 and 32%. The moose now inhabits not only the deep forests, but also groves in the midst of tilled lands. Mean density is 0.1 to 0.2 head/1000 ha of forest-swamp area. Charts are included showing moose distribution in Estonia at the beginning of the 20th century and in 1937, colonization by them from 1944 to 1950, and their distribution in 1954. Bibl. 37 titles.

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