Heterogeneity of streptococcus group a cell wall protein components

Blinnikova, E.I.; Dynga, L.O.; Briko, N.I.

Biokhimiia 55(11): 2031-2037


ISSN/ISBN: 0320-9725
PMID: 2085618
Document Number: 366709
Cell wall surface proteins of group A streptococcus (M 29) were isolated by mild chemical extraction with 1 M hydroxylamine pH 6.0 (37 degrees C). The proteins were purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration on Sephadex G-150 and ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Trisacryl M. Using two independent methods (disc electrophoresis in 7.5% PAAG pH 8.9 and high pressure gel filtration), it was shown that after chromatography on Sephadex G-150 the original protein fraction contains up to 8 protein components, while SDS-PAAG electrophoresis performed according to Laemmli revealed up to 25 protein components in the same fraction. During SDS-PAAG electrophoresis six protein fractions performed after ion-exchange chromatography were resolved into 40 protein components whose molecular masses vary from 13 to 80 kDa. Possible reasons for the heterogeneity of surface proteins of group A streptococcus cell wall are discussed.

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