Veno-arterial ECLA (extracorporeal lung assist) for severe respiratory failure due to meconium aspiration

Lee, K.H.; Shimizu, Y.; Yano, T.; Kishi, H.; Mizoguchi, S.; Terasaki, H.; Morioka, T.; Hashiguchi, A.; Esaki, K.; Dogomori, H.

Masui. Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 39(2): 257-263


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-4892
PMID: 2325261
Document Number: 366242
A full term newborn female, 3262g, aspirated meconium at birth and began to suffer from severe hypoxia and acidosis due to progressing pneumonitis, pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. She also had severe hypotension and anuria. Venoarterial ECLA with a Kolobow membrane lung via the right internal jugular vein and the right common carotid artery was initiated. Blood gas parameters and blood pressure improved, and urine output increased to normal. ECLA permitted a reduction in FIO2 and airway pressure of mechanical ventilation, as well as frequent lavage of the lung. As the physical condition improved, the bypass flow was gradually decreased from 200 at the start to 130 for maintenance, then to 25 at the end. Bleeding throughout the ECLA for 69 hours could be minimized by a meticulous control of the activated coagulation time with a minimum dose of heparin and the transfusion of fresh frozen and platelet rich plasma. After ECLA, the carotid artery was simply ligated, and mechanical ventilatory support was carried out for 5 days. Her condition improved and she left the hospital without any neurological sequelae. ECLA will become an effective means of life support for a baby with severe MAS irresponsive to conventional ventilatory support.

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