Analysis of KL-6 and SP-D as disease markers in bird fancier's lung

Janssen, R.; Grutters, J.C.; Sato, H.; van Velzen-Blad, H.; Zanen, P.; Kohno, N.; Welsh, K.I.; du Bois, R.M.; van den Bosch, J.M.M.

Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases Official Journal of Wasog 22(1): 51-57


ISSN/ISBN: 1124-0490
PMID: 15881280
Document Number: 8263
KL-6 and SP-D are potential serum markers in interstitial lung diseases. Their discriminative value, and ability to reflect pulmonary disease activity and prognosis in bird fancier's lung were analyzed. We studied 49 patients, 38 unexposed and 9 exposed controls. Serum KL-6 and SP-D concentrations were measured at presentation and a second sample, taken after antigen avoidance, was available in 17 patients. Pulmonary function tests were analyzed at presentation and 2-year follow-up. KL-6 and SP-D were significantly elevated in patients compared to controls (p < 0.0001). ROC curve analysis revealed that both are equally useful in discriminating patients from controls. Analysis of their value as activity markers showed that both correlated with pulmonary function impairment; however, KL-6 correlated best with diffusing capacity. Evaluation of their predictive value showed that higher levels at onset were associated with improvement of diffusing capacity during follow-up. Further, it was noted that KL-6 and SP-D levels decreased after more than one month of allergen avoidance. KL-6 and SP-D appear useful serum markers in bird fancier's lung. Since higher levels are associated with more severe lung function impairment at presentation, and better recovery over time, we postulate that in this disease they are especially markers of disease activity.

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Analysis of KL-6 and SP-D as disease markers in bird fancier's lung