Short and intermediate clinical outcome after late coronary stenting in myocardial infarction

Uerojanaungkul, P.; Piamsomboon, C.; Roongsritong, C.; Laothavorn, P.; Naksawasdi, C.; Sanguanwong, S.; Tanprasert, P.

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 84(7): 948-957


ISSN/ISBN: 0125-2208
PMID: 11759975
Document Number: 7620
The open artery theory has been proposed that late reperfusion of an occluded coronary artery favorably affects clinical outcome. Myocardial reperfusion can be achieved in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by coronary angioplasty. Coronary stenting improves initial success rate and reduces rate of restenosis. However, there are limited data regarding intermediate outcome of late angioplasty with stenting. Between June 1998 and August 1999, one hundred and twenty-three patients with AMI, and forty-four patients (37 males, 7 females) underwent late coronary stenting. Mean age was 57 +/- 10 years. Echocardiography was performed before the procedure and at 6-months follow-up. There were 36 Q-MI and 8 non Q-MI. The infarct-related artery (IRA) was left anterior descending artery (LAD) 55 per cent, left circumflex artery (LCX) 15 per cent, and right coronary artery (RCA) 30 per cent. Coronary stenting was successfully performed in all patients. Pre- and post-procedural diameter stenosis were 90.5 +/- 8.9 per cent and 2.2 +/- 6.5 per cent. Stent indications were suboptimal results (68.2%), intimal dissection (20.4%), and acute closure (11.4%). Over all in-hospital mortality was 2.27 per cent from sudden cardiac death. Mean follow-up was 11.41 +/- 4.79 months. There were 1 MI (2.3%), 2 CHF (4.65%), 1 unstable angina pectoris (2.3%), 1 transient ischemic attack (TIA) (2.3%), and no cardiac death. LVEF showed improvement at 6-months follow-up (47.75 +/- 11.55% vs 54.89 +/- 14.76%, p value < 0.001) Late coronary stenting of the IRA of patients with AMI is feasible, with few complications. There was improved LVEF and intermediate clinical outcome.

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Short and intermediate clinical outcome after late coronary stenting in myocardial infarction