Cyclandelate versus propranolol in the prophylaxis of migraine--a double-blind placebo-controlled study

Gerber, W.D.; Schellenberg, R.; Thom, M.; Haufe, C.; Bölsche, F.; Wedekind, W.; Niederberger, U.; Soyka, D.

Functional Neurology 10(1): 27-35

1995


ISSN/ISBN: 0393-5264
PMID: 7649498
Document Number: 5149
The aim of the present study was to ascertain the comparative efficacy of cyclandelate, a migraine prophylactic with calcium overload blocking properties, versus propranolol, a non-selective beta-adrenergic blocker, and placebo. Based on different statistical analysis procedures (including time series analysis) a responder and nonresponder evaluation for cyclandelate and propranolol was performed. In addition, an attempt was made to identify the dose relationship of the various drugs on headache parameters. In a double-blind placebo-controlled study 84 patients were treated in a placebo run-in phase (4 weeks). The patients were then randomized by the statistical criterion of placebo responder and nonresponder to either the cyclandelate or the propranolol group. The total treatment period included a low-dosage phase (8 weeks) and high-dosage phase (8 weeks). All patients kept a headache diary before, during and after treatment. The data were assessed by time series analysis (ARIMA), as well as by analysis of variance and nonparametric statistics. Based on ARIMA statistics, 39.3% of the patients showed a significant improvement of migraine during treatment with cyclandelate compared with 29.4% placed on propranolol. Higher doses of cyclandelate and propranolol were more effective. Using the qualitative response-criterion of a 50% reduction in migraine symptoms, cyclandelate showed a response in 67.9% and propranolol in 41.2% of all cases. It can therefore be concluded that cyclandelate as well as propranolol are two comparable substances in the prophylactic treatment of migraine, with cyclandelate showing fewer side effects.

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Cyclandelate versus propranolol in the prophylaxis of migraine--a double-blind placebo-controlled study