Synergistic effects of food shortage and an insecticide on a Daphnia population: rapid decline of food density at the peak of population density reduces tolerance to the chemical and induces a large population crash

Takahashi, H.; Hanazato, T.

Limnology 8(1): 45-51


ISSN/ISBN: 1439-8621
DOI: 10.1007/s10201-006-0193-x
Document Number: 503013
Laboratory populations of cloned Daphnia magna were exposed at different population phases (growing phase, density peak, stable phase) to the insecticide carbaryl at 15 μg1-1, which was harmful to juveniles but not to adults, and their population dynamics were analyzed. The population declined most at the density peak, when not only juveniles but also many adult individuals died. To analyze the factors affecting population vulnerability to carbaryl, acute toxicity tests were conducted using Daphnia individuals of different body sizes under different food conditions. The test revealed that daphnid sensitivity to carbaryl increased greatly when food density was changed from a high food level to a low level. This food condition, of low availability, might be the condition to which the Daphnia populations were exposed at their density peak. The synergism of the negative impacts of anthropogenic and natural stresses such as insecticides and food shortage may control aquatic populations

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