A common pathway for T lymphocyte activation involving both the CD3-Ti complex and CD2 sheep erythrocyte receptor determinants

Yang, S.Y.; Chouaib, S.; Dupont, B.

Journal of Immunology 137(4): 1097-1100

1986


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767
PMID: 2426350
Document Number: 3680
T lymphocyte activation with monoclonal antibodies directed against the CD2 (T,p50) sheep red blood cell receptor antigen and against CD3 (T,p19,29) has been investigated. Co-stimulation of purified T lymphocytes with anti-CD3 (SP34) and anti-CD2 (9-1), which detects a unique epitope on the CD2 molecule, results in T cell activation and cell proliferation. Each antibody alone is unable to mediate this effect. Co-stimulation of purified T cells with two different anti-CD2 antibodies, 9-1 and 9.6, which detect two different epitopes on the CD2 molecule, are also mitogenic. In contrast, the combination of anti-CD3 (SP34) and anti-CD2 (9.6) cannot induce T cell activation. These data suggest that the CD2 epitope defined by the 9-1 antibody is functionally important for T cell activation via the CD3/Ti complex. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that anti-CD3 (SP34) induces epitopic modulation of the CD2 molecule, resulting in enhanced expression of the CD2, 9-1 epitope. This epitope modulation of the CD2 (9-1) epitope by anti-CD3 (SP34) occurs instantaneously at 4 degrees C and in the presence of NaN3. The functional interaction between CD3 and CD2 occurs in spite of any evidence of complex formation between these two molecules. These data suggest that the T cell differentiation antigens CD3 and CD2 are jointly involved in antigen-specific T cell activation. The data are consistent with a model for antigen-specific T cell activation involving both the CD3/Ti complex and subsequent activation of the CD2 complex T cell activation by co-stimulation with anti-CD3 (SP34) and anti-CD2 (9-1) is substantially enhanced by the addition of exogenous, purified interleukin 1 (IL 1). These data would suggest that the CD2 complex, as well as the putative IL 1 receptor, are involved in separate and complementary receptor-ligand interactions, resulting in the amplification of antigen-specific T cell responses.

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A common pathway for T lymphocyte activation involving both the CD3-Ti complex and CD2 sheep erythrocyte receptor determinants