Induction of IL-1 release through stimulation of the C3b/C4b complement receptor type one (CR1, CD35) on human monocytes

Bacle, F.; Haeffner-Cavaillon, N.; Laude, M.; Couturier, C.; Kazatchkine, M.D.

Journal of Immunology 144(1): 147-152


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767
PMID: 2136879
Document Number: 366817
Soluble polymerized human C3b and C3b bound to Sepharose induced the production of cell-associated IL-1 and the extracellular release of IL-1 activity from cultured human adherent monocytes. Cultures were performed in serum-free conditions in the presence of polymyxin B and of the PG synthesis inhibitor indomethacin. Induction of intracellular IL-1 activity was associated with that of IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta Ag. Biologically active released IL-1 was IL-1 beta. Monomeric C3b induced cell-associated IL-1 but not the release of IL-1 from monocytes. IL-1 production was also induced by stimulation of CR1 on adherent monocytes with anti-C3b receptor (CR1) antibody. The ability of multivalent C3b to induce IL-1 production could be dissociated from that of possibly contaminating LPS by several criteria including: the lack of detectable LPS in purified C3b; functional inhibition of LPS in cultures with polymyxin B; the lack of induction of extracellular IL-1 by C3b monomer; a correlation between the expression of CR1 on monocytes and the monocytic response to C3b; a dissociation between the expression of CR1, and the expression of LPS binding sites and the IL-1 response of monocytes to endotoxin. Induction of IL-1 represents a novel pathway by which C3b-CR1 interactions may modulate the immune response.

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