Selection of medically useful quality-control procedures for individual tests done in a multitest analytical system

Koch, D.D.; Oryall, J.J.; Quam, E.F.; Feldbruegge, D.H.; Dowd, D.E.; Barry, P.L.; Westgard, J.O.

Clinical Chemistry 36(2): 230-233


ISSN/ISBN: 0009-9147
PMID: 2302766
Document Number: 366810
Quality-control (QC) procedures (i.e., decision rules used, numbers of control measurements collected per run) have been selected for individual tests of a multitest analyzer, to see that clinical or "medical usefulness" requirements for quality are met. The approach for designing appropriate QC procedures includes the following steps: (a) defining requirements for quality in the form of the "total allowable analytical error" for each test, (b) determining the imprecision of each measurement procedure, (c) calculating the medically important systematic and random errors for each test, and (d) assessing the probabilities for error detection and false rejection for candidate control procedures. In applying this approach to the Hitachi 737 analyzer, a design objective of 90% (or greater) detection of systematic errors was met for most tests (sodium, potassium, glucose, urea nitrogen, creatinine, phosphorus, uric acid, cholesterol, total protein, total bilirubin, gamma-glutamyltransferase, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase) by use of 3.5s control limits with two control measurements per run (N). For the remaining tests (albumin, chloride, total CO2, calcium), requirements for QC procedures were more stringent, and 2.5s limits (with N = 2) were selected.

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