Pharmacological profiles of YM-16151-1 and its optical isomers: a novel calcium entry blocking and selective beta-1 adrenoceptor blocking agent

Asano, M.; Uchida, W.; Shibasaki, K.; Terai, M.; Inagaki, O.; Takenaka, T.; Matsumoto, Y.; Fujikura, T.

Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 254(1): 204-211


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3565
PMID: 1973196
Document Number: 366725
The pharmacological properties of YM-16151-1 [(+/-)-dimethyl 4-[2-[4-(2-hydroxy-3-phenoxypropylamino)butoxyl]-5-nitrop hen yl]-2,6- dimethyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate hydrochloride] and its optical isomers were evaluated in in vitro studies and radioligand binding assay. In isolated tissues, YM-16151-1 produced a competitive antagonism of CaCl2-induced contraction in the isolated rabbit aorta with a pKca-1 value of 8.17, and also produced a competitive antagonism of isoproterenol-induced positive chronotropic responses in the isolated rat atria with a pA2 value of 8.47. In rat brain membrane preparations, YM-16151-1 produced dose-dependent inhibitions of [3H]nitrendipine and [3H]dihydroalprenolol bindings with pKi values of 7.21 and 8.07, respectively. Calcium entry blocking activity of YM-16151-1 was 7 times weaker and 3 times greater than nifedipine and diltiazem, respectively. Beta-1 adrenoceptor blocking activity of YM-16151-1 was 2 times weaker than that of propranolol. YM-16151-1 showed about 900-fold selectivity for beta-1 adrenoceptor. YM-16151-1 also showed a weak alpha-1 adrenoceptor blocking activity and its potency was about 13 times weaker than that of phentolamine. S-(-)- and R-(+)-isomers of YM-16151-1 showed the same potency of calcium entry blocking activity. However, in beta-1 adrenoceptor blocking activity, the S-(-)-enantiomer was about 13 to 22 times more potent than the R-(+)-enantiomer. Oral administration of YM-16151-1 produced a dose-dependent blood pressure lowering effect without increasing heart rate in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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