Glutathione and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in the adult female rat brain after intraventricular injection of LHRH and somatostatin

Vali Pasha, K.; Vijayan, E.

Biochemistry International 21(2): 209-217


ISSN/ISBN: 0158-5231
PMID: 1976305
Document Number: 366426
Glutathione content and glutamyl transpeptidase activity in different regions of adult female rat brain were determined at 10 and 30 min following intraventricular injection of LHRH and somatostatin. Hypothalamic glutathione levels were significantly elevated at 10 and 30 min after a single injection of a 0.1 micrograms dose of LHRH. On the contrary, glutathione levels significantly decreased in the hypothalamus, cerebral cortex and cerebellum at 10 and 30 min after 0.5 or 1 microgram dose. However, significant decrease in brain stem glutathione was evident at 30 min after 0.5 microgram and 10 min after the 1 microgram dose. Somatostatin at doses of 0.5 microgram and 1 microgram significantly decreased glutathione levels in all four brain regions both at 10 and 30 min following injection into the 3rd ventricle. Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity in the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex was significantly elevated after intraventricular injection of LHRH. However, a significant increase in gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity in cerebellum and brain stem was seen only with 0.5 and 1 micrograms doses of LHRH. Somatostatin also significantly increased gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity in hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, brain stem and cerebellum. The decrease in glutathione levels with corresponding increase in gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity after intraventricular administration of LHRH and somatostatin suggests a possible interaction between glutathione and hypothalamic peptides.

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