Fertility regulating behaviour: a study of rural Punjab-Pakistan

Zafar, M.I.; Ullah, M.H.; Saif ur Rehman ; Saif Abbasi

Journal of Applied Sciences 3(6): 376-384


Document Number: 366344
The main objectives of the study are to examine fertility regulation behaviour in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception and to explore the socio-cultural obstacles in relation to acceptability and accessibility of birth control methods. Three hundred sixty women aged 25-45 years with at least one living child residing in the rural areas of three major districts of the Punjab province (Lahore, Rawalpindi and Multan) were interviewed. Findings demonstrate that cultural forces in terms of religious belief system, husband's opposition, preference for large families and normative and psychic costs of contraception are vitally important in shaping fertility regulating behaviour. Organized efforts are required to provide contraceptive information, counselling and services about mother-child health, pregnancy complications and other reproductive health problems to reduce the health risks from mistimed and unwanted pregnancies. It is also argued that the contraceptive methods offered to couples should have minimum side effects and assistance should be readily available to those women or couples who find difficulty with a method and wishing to shift to another. The performance of the family planning programme can also be enhanced if it meets the multiple reproductive health needs of Pakistani couples.

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