Surgical and oncologic principles of the removal of the rectum

Häring, R.; Karavias, T.; Boese-Landgraf, J.

Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 115(13): 819-825


ISSN/ISBN: 0044-409X
PMID: 2238958
Document Number: 366039
Excision of the rectum should take in account that the main lymphatic spread follows the cranial route and that dissection of the rectal wall should be performed across its adjacent anatomical lamellae. It is not clear whether an extensive pelvic dissection and high ligature of the inferior mesenteric artery are beneficial. Spontaneous or iatrogenic perforation of the tumour considerable increases the incidence of local recurrence. The frequency of postoperative urinary and sexual dysfunction ranges from 3.5-57% and 14-38% respectively. The reported surgical mortality averages 5-6%.

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