A study of the value of children among acceptor and non-acceptor of family planning devices

Shrivastava, V.K.

Indian Psychological Review 30(1): 38-41

1986


ISSN/ISBN: 0019-6215
PMID: 12282674
Document Number: 366033
The perceived value of children was compared in a sample of 50 family planning acceptors and 50 non-contracepting females in India. The survey instrument, The Value and Cost of Children Test, is a self- administered questionnaire designed to assess the following dimensions of parenthood cost; continuity, tradition, and security; satisfaction, incentives, and goals; and happiness, affection, and social status. The data confirmed the hypothesis that women who plan their families will have enhanced perceptions of the value of children. The mean score of family planning acceptors was 96 (standard deviation, 8.71) compared with 91.78 (standard deviation, 10.13) among non-acceptors--a statistically significant difference (p0.01). Scores on the 4 subscales, for family planning acceptors and non-acceptors, respectively, were as follows: cost, 17.78 (SD, 4.01) and 20.2 (SD, 4.58); continuity, tradition, and security, 23.36 (SD, 2.90) and 21.2 (SD, 3.63; happiness, affection, and social status, 30.7 (SD, 3.79) and 28.9 (SD, 3.67); and satisfaction, goals, and incentives, 24.16 (SD, 3.44) and 21.48 (SD, 3.75). Overall, the family planning acceptors viewed children as a source of support in their old age, providers of status in the community, and a source of satisfaction and companionship. A contradictory finding was that non-acceptors were more concerned than acceptors with the emotional strains and financial burdens implicit in childbearing, yet were not taking steps to prevent births.

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