Incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed before 20 weeks of gestation

Boriboonhirunsarn, D.; Sunsaneevithayakul, P.; Nuchangrid, M.

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 87(9): 1017-1021

2004


ISSN/ISBN: 0125-2208
PMID: 15516000
Document Number: 2319
The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) before 20 weeks of gestation and evaluate associated risk factors. A total of 1200 pregnant women who started their antenatal care at Siriraj Hospital before 20 weeks of gestation and were at risk of developing GDM were enrolled. A 50-gram glucose challenge test was used as a screening method and 100-gram oral glucose tolerance test was used to diagnose the condition. All women were screened during their first visit and again at 28-32 weeks of gestation. The results showed that the incidence of GDM diagnosed before 20 weeks of gestation was 5.3% (95% CI 4.1-6.7%), and another 4.9% were diagnosed during 28-32 weeks. This demonstrated the usefulness and effectiveness of the current guideline for GDM screening that approximately half of women with GDM could be diagnosed early in their pregnancies. The 2 independent risks for developing GDM before 20 weeks of gestation were age gtoreq 30 years and GDM in previous pregnancy (adjusted OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.3-5.0, and 7.1, 95% CI 1.8-27.6, respectively). This specific group of women should be counseled regarding the importance of early GDM screening during their pregnancy.

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Incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed before 20 weeks of gestation