Spontaneous cellulitis in adults with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome

Cheng, Y.F.; Chuang, F.R.; Chen, J.B.; Liao, S.C.; Lam, K.K.; Hsu, K.T.

Changgeng Yi Xue Za Zhi 21(2): 158-164


ISSN/ISBN: 2072-0939
PMID: 9729649
Document Number: 7669
Susceptibility to infection is a common problem in a patient with nephrotic syndrome. The spontaneous cellulitis is not uncommon in pediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome, whereas there have been few cases reported in adults. In order to clarify the clinical course of this complication, we present 17 adult idiopathic nephrotic patients with spontaneous cellulitis. A series of 17 adult idiopathic nephrotic patients with spontaneous cellulitis were retrospectively reviewed in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung from 1986 through 1996. We analyzed their physical conditions, clinical manifestations, and outcome. All patients received renal biopsies and had pathologic diagnoses. The medical records of 17 patients were collected, 12 men and 5 women, with ages ranging from 16 to 63 years (mean 29.5 years). The pathologic diagnoses of renal biopsies included minimal change disease (13/17), membranous glomerulonephritis (2/17), mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (1/17) and focal/segmental glomerulosclerosis (1/17). All patients had generalized edematous state. The clinical presentations of these patients were variable. The mean serum albumin and daily urinary protein excretion were 1.28+/-0.64 g/dl and 8.75+/-5.16 g, respectively. The results of blood cultures were E. coli (3/17), Gram-negative bacilli (1/17), Streptococcus viridans (1/17), Streptococcus pneumoniae (1/17) and no growth (11/17). All patients responded to antibiotic treatment except one patient who died due to overwhelming sepsis. The related factors of spontaneous cellulitis in patients with nephrotic syndrome are edematous skin, hypoalbuminemia, immunosuppressive drugs and defective immunity. Our patients had accordant conditions. The prognosis was good if diagnosis and treatment are made early.

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Spontaneous cellulitis in adults with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome