Comparison of ondansetron-dexamethasone-lorazepam versus metoclopramide-dexamethasone-lorazepam in the control of cisplatin induced emesis

Manusirivithaya, S.; Chareoniam, V.; Isariyodom, P.; Sungsab, D.

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 84(7): 966-972

2001


ISSN/ISBN: 0125-2208
PMID: 11759977
Document Number: 6415
The antiemetic effect of ondansetron-dexamethasone-lorazepam versus those of metoclopramide-dexamethasone-lorazepam were evaluated in 30 ovarian cancer patients undergoing treatment with the same chemotherapeutic regimen (cisplatin 60 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 700 mg/m2). Patients were randomly selected to receive either the ondansetron arm or the metoclopramide arm in their first cycle of chemotherapy, but were given an alternative combination in the second cycle. In the ondansetron arm, ondansetron was given 8 mg intravenously (i.v.) plus dexamethasone 20 mg i.v. and lorazepam 0.5 mg oral. For the metoclopramide arm, metoclopramide 10 mg was given i.v. plus dexamethasone 20 mg i.v. and lorazepam 0.5 mg oral. All antiemetics were given twice; 30 minutes before and 6 hours after chemotherapy. In the metoclopramide arm, metoclopramide 40 mg continuous infusion was also administered. During the acute phase, the ondansetron combination was significantly superior to the metoclopramide combination for all evaluation parameters. Complete control of emesis was 90 per cent vs 36.7 per cent, complete protection from nausea was 80 per cent vs 43.3 per cent, and complete protection from both nausea and vomiting was 73.3 per cent vs 30.0 per cent. Forty per cent of patients in the ondansetron arm did not complain of any adverse reaction compared to 13.4 per cent in the metoclopramide arm. It can be concluded, therefore, that a combination of ondansetron, dexamethasone and lorazepam appears to provide a significantly better emetic control with less adverse reaction than the metoclopramide combination in the acute nausea-vomiting phase after receiving cisplatin.

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Comparison of ondansetron-dexamethasone-lorazepam versus metoclopramide-dexamethasone-lorazepam in the control of cisplatin induced emesis