A follow-up study of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis into adulthood

Narayanan, K.; Rajendran, C.P.; Porkodi, R.; Shanmuganandan, K.

Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 50: 1039-1041

2002


ISSN/ISBN: 0004-5772
PMID: 12421027
Document Number: 6052
To study the clinical profile of various subtypes of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) in adulthood and analyse the outcome of the disease in terms of functional status, educational achievement, growth abnormalities, radiological progression and activity of the disease. From a group of 150 JRA cases, 26 adult patients were included in the study. All of them were under follow up since the onset of disease in childhood. Clinical data at the onset were obtained from old medical documents. Detailed clinical and laboratory assessment of all cases were done. There were 10 oligoarticular, 13 polyarticular and three systemic onset cases. Mean age of onset of disease was 11.7 +/- 3.39 years (range 2-15). Mean duration of follow up was 11.4 +/- 4.46 years range (6-22). Twenty-one patients had active disease. Ninety percent of oligoarthritis group were in class 1 status whereas none of the systemic onset JRA cases were in class I. Micrognathia, short stiff neck and short stature were noticed among polyarticular and systemic onset JRA. Seventy percent of oligoarthritis group developed inflammatory low back ache. Bony ankylosis of tarsal and carpal bones were seen in eight cases. In our study there is a male predominance in JRA. Pauciarticular (oligoarthritis) JRA occurring in older boys had the best functional outcome. Growth abnormalities and radiological changes were more common in polyarticular and systemic onset JRA.

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A follow-up study of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis into adulthood