Inter-annual variability in atmospheric input and partitioning of heavy metals in the Lagoon of Venice

Rossini, P.; Guerzoni, S.; Molinaroli, E.; Zancanaro, A.; Rampazzo, G.

Annali di Chimica 93(4): 457-464


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-4592
PMID: 12817646
Document Number: 562961
Atmospheric bulk deposition of major and trace elements was measured at Venice from November 1995 to October 1997. Collection was carried out using polyethylene bulk passive samplers, samples being collected bi-weekly. In order to highlight the contribution of the atmosphere to water chemistry and particle budgets in the Lagoon of Venice, the geochemical composition (Si, Al, Ca, Mg, K, Na, Mn, Cr, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cu, As) of dissolved and insoluble bulk fractions was determined by AAS + ICP mass spectrometry. Great sample variability was found, with almost two orders of magnitude between maximum and minimum values for several metals. All fluxes in 1995/96 were 30% lower than in 1996/97, ranging from -3% (Ca) to -57% (Li), except for Zn, Cd and As. On the contrary, the solubility of all elements decreased during 1996/97. Partitioning between soluble and insoluble phases shows that Al, Cr, Fe and Si are mainly in the insoluble form, whereas for As, Ca, Cu, Mg, Na, Ni, K, Pb and Zn the dissolved fraction represents 50-90% of total input. The amount of particle load affects partitioning between dissolved and particulate, especially for Al and Pb. Seasonal variability was evident. The lowest pH values (approximately 5.2) were recorded in winter, causing an increase of solubility for all metals except for As, which showed the highest solubility in summer.

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