Are there more than cross-sectional relationships of social support and support networks with functional limitations and psychological distress in early rheumatoid arthritis? the European Research on Incapacitating Diseases and Social Support Longitudinal Study

Demange, V.; Guillemin, F.; Baumann, M.; Suurmeijer, T.P.B.M.; Moum, T.; Doeglas, D.; Briançon, S.; van den Heuvel, W.J.A.

Arthritis and Rheumatism 51(5): 782-791

2004


ISSN/ISBN: 2326-5191
PMID: 15478164
DOI: 10.1002/art.20694
Document Number: 524621
Objective. To investigate whether greater social support and support network are cross-sectionally associated with less functional limitations and psychological distress in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA); whether this association is constant over time; and whether increases in social support or support network are associated with less functional limitations and psychological distress. Methods. Subjects were from the European Research on Incapacitating Diseases and Social Support cohort and had early RA. Social support, support network, functional limitations (Health Assessment Questionnaire), and psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire) were assessed annually. Variance and covariance analyses with repeated measures were performed. Results. A total of 542 subjects were assessed for 3 years. On average, patients with a greater amount of specific social support or a stronger specific support network experienced less functional limitation and less psychological distress. Changes in a given subject's functional limitations and psychological distress did not depend on his or her baseline social support or support network. Neither social support nor support network change over time. Conclusion. There may be a cross-sectional link between specific social support or support network and functional limitations and psychological distress, but no longitudinal association could be evidenced.

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