Effect of recombinant human IL-4 on tryptase, chymase, and Fc epsilon receptor type i expression in recombinant human stem cell factor-dependent fetal liver-derived human mast cells

Xia, H.Z.; Du, Z.; Craig, S.; Klisch, G.; Noben-Trauth, N.; Kochan, J.P.; Huff, T.H.; Irani, A.M.; Schwartz, L.B.

Journal of Immunology 159(6): 2911-2921


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767
PMID: 9300715
Document Number: 471178
The effect of recombinant human IL-4 (rhIL-4) on the development of recombinant human stem cell factor-dependent fetal liver-derived mast cells was examined. RhIL-4 attenuates the number of mast cells that develop, preferentially affecting the MC(T) type of mast cell. Cellular levels of tryptase and chymase mRNA normalized to that of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase were not appreciably affected. Tryptase mRNA levels peaked at least 2 wk before tryptase protein and before chymase mRNA and protein, indicating that tryptase mRNA expression is an early marker of commitment to a mast cell lineage. In contrast, alpha-tryptase and beta-tryptase mRNA levels increased and decreased in parallel. The most dramatic effect of rhIL-4 was to induce expression of functional surface Fc epsilonRI. Expression was maximal by 21 days with 20 ng/ml of rhIL-4 and reached a plateau by 2 ng/ml of rhIL-4 at 4 wk. Fc epsilonRI+ cells increased modestly when myeloma IgE was added to the developing mast cells, but increased synergistically when both myeloma IgE and rhIL-4 were present together. Delayed addition of rhIL-4 progressively diminished Fc epsilonRI expression, as did withdrawal of rhIL-4 during the first 2 wk of culture. RhIL-4 selectively increased Fc epsilonRI alpha mRNA levels at least 10-fold. Mast cells developed in the presence of rhIL-4 released tryptase when exposed to anti-Fc epsilonRI alpha. In conclusion, induction of functional Fc epislonRI on recombinant human stem cell factor-dependent human fetal liver-derived mast cells by rhIL-4 harmonizes with the well-accepted ability of this cytokine to enhance IgE production by B cells.

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