Antiphospholipid antibodies in syphilis

Santiago, M.B.; Stellin, R.; Gaburo Júnior, N.; Bueno, C.; Viana, V.S.; Cossermelli, W.; de-Oliveira, R.M.

Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 23(5): 397-402


ISSN/ISBN: 0100-879X
PMID: 2095288
Document Number: 366285
1. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the phospholipid specificity of antibodies present in sera from 35 syphilis patients. 2. Based on the cross-reaction obtained against a mixture of cardiolipin, phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol that is standard for flocculation tests according to the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (CECON, São Paulo, Brazil), all 35 patients tested positive for antibodies of the IgG class whereas 13 (37%) also had IgM antibodies for the same mixture of lipids. IgG antibodies to cardiolipin were demonstrated in 2 patients (6%) and IgM antibodies in 5 (15%). Significant levels of IgG anti-phosphatidylcholine were detected in 3 patients (9%) and IgM antibodies in 4 (11%). IgG anti-phosphatidylethanolamine antibodies were found in 1 patient (3%) and IgM antibodies in 3 (9%). Antibody binding to cardiolipin plus cholesterol or cardiolipin plus phosphatidylcholine was as effective as when the standard mixture of all 3 lipids was used. 3. A comparison with serum from systemic lupus erythematosus patients and inhibition studies using liposomes of cardiolipin or the mixture of 3 lipids suggests that there are at least 3 groups of anticardiolipin antibodies.

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