Interleukin-1 in vivo modulates trauma-induced immunosuppression

Lilic, D.; Kukic, Z.; Pejnovic, N.; Dujic, A.

European Cytokine Network 1(3): 149-156


ISSN/ISBN: 1148-5493
PMID: 2129799
Document Number: 366075
To elucidate the mechanisms underlying trauma-induced immunosuppression and decreased IL-2 production we evaluated: 1) the effect of trauma on IL-1 production at different time intervals and 2) the effect of IL-1 in vivo administration on immune functions (IL-1 production, IL2 production, NK cell cytotoxicity) in normal and traumatized mice. Experiments were performed on CBA/H mice a) subjected to scald injury (sacrificed 3 h and 6 h later) b) treated with IL-1 in vivo (human recombinant IL-1 beta 100 ng/mouse, sacrificed 21 h and 24 h later) and c) subjected to both IL-1 in vivo treatment and scald (IL-1 was given 18 h before scald, animals were sacrificed 3 h and 6 h after scald i.e. 21 h and 24 h after IL-1 administration). Our results demonstrate that trauma alone increases IL-1 production from 1 h to 24 h after trauma infliction. Recombinant IL-1 given in vivo also induces a significant rise in IL-1 production. When mice were subjected to both trauma and IL-1 in vivo treatment, the rise in IL-1 production was not additive. Trauma induced severe depression of IL-2 production which could not be overcome by in vitro addition of IL-1 to IL-2 producing splenocytes from traumatized mice. In contrast, IL-1 administered in vivo stimulated IL-2 production in normal mice, and when given prior to trauma infliction, it completely abrogated trauma-induced suppression of IL-2 production. The same effect was seen on NK cell cytotoxicity (an IL-2 dependent function).

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