Sexual practices, drug use behaviors, and prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, and HTLV-1/2 in immigrant and non-immigrant female sex workers in Argentina

Bautista, C.T.; Pando, M.A.; Reynaga, E.; Marone, R.; Sateren, W.B.; Montano, S.M.; Sanchez, J.L.; Avila, M.M.

Journal of immigrant and minority health 11(2): 99-104

2009


ISSN/ISBN: 1557-1912
PMID: 18175218
DOI: 10.1007/s10903-007-9114-2
Document Number: 205113
To study socio-demographics, sexual practices, drug use behaviors, and prevalences of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 in immigrant (foreigner) and non-immigrant (local/native) female sex workers (FSW). This was a cross-sectional study in immigrant and non-immigrant FSW living in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Participants were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. A total of 625 FSW were enrolled, of whom 169 (27%) were immigrant FSW from Paraguay, the Dominican Republic, Brazil, Peru, and Uruguay. The prevalence of syphilis and hepatitis C was significantly higher among Argentinean FSW than among immigrant FSW. However, hepatitis B prevalence was higher among immigrant FSW. Adjusted risk factor analysis comparing immigrant FSW with Argentinean FSW indicated that marital status (single), occupation (none), fee per sex act (<or=USD7), workplace (bar and cabaret), and anal sex with clients were significantly associated with immigrant FSW status. Effective HIV/STI prevention and medical care programs need to be tailored to the specific needs of both FSW groups in Argentina.

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