Effects of addition of probiotic and/or bismuth to triple therapy of H. pylori and analysis of genetic variation of 23S rRNA gene between patients with clarithromycin sensitivity and resistance

Liu, W.; Zhu, J.; Liu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Wang, X.

Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 32(3 Special): 1321-1326

2019


ISSN/ISBN: 1011-601X
PMID: 31551210
Document Number: 17957
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of three treatment regimens for H. pylori in patients sensitive to clarithromycin and analyze the polymorphism of 23S rRNA gene between patients who were sensitive or resistant to clarithromycin in a Chinese Han population. 204 H. pylori sensitive cases and 45 H. pylori resistant Han patients were selected as subjects of the research. All H. pylori sensitive cases were divided into three groups based on their different therapies. The polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction (PCR) was used to identify the genotype at the A2143G of the 23S rRNA gene. SPSS18.0 software was applied to analyze the data statistically. The success rate of H. pylori eradication in the TTP (TT + probiotic) group was higher when compared with the triple therapy (TT) group, and the difference was statistically significant. The incidence of abdominal pain, headache and diarrhea in TTP group was significantly lower than that in the TT group and the TTB (TT+ bismuth) group. Moreover, patients in the TTP group suffered less taste impairment than patients in the other two groups. In addition, there was significant difference in genotype frequency distribution between the clarithromycin-resistant group and the clarithromycin-sensitive group. It was suggested in the results of Chinese Han population that the TTP regimen was significantly superior to the other two regimens in the treatment of clarithromycin-sensitive H.PYLORI infection. In addition, potential genotypic differences between clarithromycin-sensitive and drug-resistant patients provided a theoretical basis for gene therapy in patients with clarithromycin resistance.

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Effects of addition of probiotic and/or bismuth to triple therapy of H. pylori and analysis of genetic variation of 23S rRNA gene between patients with clarithromycin sensitivity and resistance