Trends in Atopic Dermatitis Management: Comparison of 1990-1997 to 2003-2012

He, A.; Feldman, S.R.; Fleischer, A.B.

Journal of drugs in dermatology JDD 17(2): 135-140

2018


ISSN/ISBN: 1545-9616
PMID: 29462220
Document Number: 17591
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is primarily treated with topical therapies, systemic immunosuppressants, or adjunctive therapies. As novel treatment approaches for AD emerge, we characterize AD treatment and examine trends in treatment over time. Visits for AD were identified in the 2003-2012 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS). We identified topical corticosteroids (TCS), antibiotics (Abx), antihistamines (AH), topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCI), and systemic immunosuppressants (SI) prescribed at AD visits. There were 990,000 annual visits for AD from 2003-2012 (3.2 visits/1000 people/year). TCS were the most frequently used medication (59% of visits). Topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCI) were the second most prescribed medication for AD among dermatologists (23% of visits), while antihistamines were second among all other physicians (16-44% of visits). Unlike other medications, use of TCIs decreased over time. The NAMCS does not follow individual patients over time. TCI use has been decreasing. New topical AD treatments may provide an alternative to TCS, better treatment outcomes for moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, and an alternative to systemic antihistamines whose efficacy in AD is unproven and whose general use in AD management is discouraged by the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Trends in Atopic Dermatitis Management: Comparison of 1990-1997 to 2003-2012