Epidemiology of Candida Infections in HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University

Tantisiriwat, W.; Santiwattanakul, S.

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 98 Suppl. 9: S66-S70

2015


ISSN/ISBN: 0125-2208
PMID: 26817212
Document Number: 16507
To identify the epidemiology of candida isolations in HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center and the sensitivity of all candida species to fluconazole. Two hundred of Candida albicans and other Candida species from clinical specimens were collected from microbiological department between January 2010 and April 2012. All Candida were identified by standard methods and the sensitivity of fluconazole was tested by using fluconazole E test test. There were 8 species of Candida in this study including: C. albicans (n = 94), C. tropicalis (n = 66), C. glabrata (n = 11), C. guilliermondii (n = 10), C. parapsilosis (n = 9), C. zeylanoides (n = 4), C. keyfr (C. pseudotropicalis) (n = 2), C. lusitaniae (n = 1), Candida species (n = 3). The percentage of non-albicans Candida spp. was slightly higher than C. albicans (53% vs. 47%). C. tropicalis was identified as the highest percentage of all non-albicans Candida spp. Fluconazole resistant strains were detected among C. albicans (35.71%), C. tropicalis (13.85%), C. guilliermondii (20.0%), and C. zeylanoides (50.0%). The common spp. with highest percentage of resistant strain was C. albicans. Fluconazole could be used as thefirst-line antifungal for candidiasis at HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center. Empirical treatment with amphotericin B and steppingdown tofluconazole when sensitivity suggested might be the recommendation for severe cases in our setting.

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