A Networking of Community-Based Speech Therapy: Borabue District, Maha Sarakham

Pumnum, T.; Kum-ud, W.; Prathanee, B.

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 98(Suppl 7): S120-S127

2015


ISSN/ISBN: 0125-2208
PMID: 26742379
Document Number: 16143
Most children with cleft lip and palate have articulation problems because of compensatory articulation disorders from velopharyngeal insufficiency. Theoretically, children should receive speech therapy from a speech and language pathologist (SLP) 1-2 sessions per week. For developing countries, particularly Thailand, most of them cannot reach standard speech services because of limitation of speech services and SLP Networking of a Community-Based Speech Model might be an appropriate way to solve this problem. To study the effectiveness of a networking of Khon Kaen University (KKU) Community-Based Speech Model, Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, Maha Sarakham, in decreasing the number of articulation errors for children with CLP. Six children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) who lived in Borabue and the surrounding district, Maha Sarakham, and had medical records in Srinagarind Hospital. They were assessed for pre- and post-articulation errors and provided speech therapy by SLP via teaching on service for speech assistant (SA). Then, children with CLP received speech correction (SC) by SA based on assignment and caregivers practiced home program for a year. Networking of Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, Maha Sarakham significantly reduce the number of post-articulation errors for 3 children with CLP. There were factors affecting the results in treatment of other children as follows: delayed speech and language development, hypernaslaity, and consistency of SC at local hospital and home. A networking of KKU Community-Based Speech Model, Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, and Maha Sarakham was a good way to enhance speech therapy in Thailand or other developing countries, where have limitation of speech services or lack of professionals.

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