Keloids: an update on medical and surgical treatments

Love, P.B.; Kundu, R.V.

Journal of Drugs in Dermatology Jdd 12(4): 403-409


ISSN/ISBN: 1545-9616
PMID: 23652887
Document Number: 13279
Keloids are the result of an overgrowth of dense fibrous tissue that usually develops after healing of a skin injury. Despite their common occurrence, keloids remain one of the most challenging dermatologic conditions to successfully treat. They are often symptomatic, do not usually regress spontaneously, and tend to recur after excision. Prevention of keloids is essential. A previous history of keloid development should be elicited. Wound closure with minimal tension and application of adjunctive therapies before abnormal healing is paramount. Education regarding wound care should be given in order to prevent infection and foreign body reactions. Elective surgery should be avoided in patients predisposed to developing keloids. In this article, we review recent advances in medical and surgical treatment of keloids.

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Keloids: an update on medical and surgical treatments