Analyzing pregnancy outcomes in women of extremely advanced maternal age (> or = 45 years)

Phadungkiatwattana, P.; Rujivejpongsathron, J.; Tunsatit, T.; Yanase, Y.

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 97(1): 1-6

2014


ISSN/ISBN: 0125-2208
PMID: 24701722
Document Number: 10944
To assesses pregnancy outcomes in women of extremely advanced maternal age (> or = 45 years). Computerized delivery records, collected between January 2002 and December 2012 at Rajavithi Hospital, were retrospectively reviewed We compared the condition of women of maternal age > or = 45 years with singleton delivery and beyond 24 weeks of gestation (n = 82) in a 1:4 ratio with those women age 20 to 29 years (n = 328). Extremely advanced maternal age was significantly associated with a higher incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (OR = 5.33; CI = 1.90-14.95), preeclampsia (OR = 4; CI = 1.99-8.06), preterm birth (OR = 1.74; 95% CI = 1.15-2.62), cesarean delivery (OR = 4.18; 95% CI = 2.52-6.93), postpartum hemorrhage (OR = 6.5; CI = 2.79-15.16), blood transfusion (3.7% vs. 0%; p = 0.008), placenta previa (OR = 16; 95% CI = 1.18-141.25), low birth weight (OR = 2.77; 95% CI = 1.23-6.25), very low birth weight (OR = 3.00; 95% CI = 1.07-8.4), low Apgar scores at 5 minutes (OR = 2.77; 95% CI 1.23-6.25), and perinatal death (OR = 6.00; 95% CI = 1.73-20.77). Women aged 45 or more experienced increased maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes when compared with younger women. Women in an extreme age group are advised that although they might face a significantly increased risk of complications, most of them could have successful outcomes. An extremely advanced age is not contradicted for pregnancy. Obstetricians must be especially careful when taking care of extremely advanced age pregnancy.

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Analyzing pregnancy outcomes in women of extremely advanced maternal age (> or = 45 years)