Alpha-1-Fetoprotein (AFP) : International Proficiency Study With Different Test Systems

G.Oremek, M.; Oertl, A.; Bertsch, T.; Bewarder, N.; V. Bürger; Dannenberg, R.; Dibbelt, L.; Gerstmeyer, A.; Grunow, G.; Irmer, A.-Vorpeil; Klapdor, R.; Klemm, M.; Kregel, G.; Lerahn, A.; St. Marivoet; Misianik, J.; Ortin, V.; Peeters, V.; B. Röder; Schauer, I.; Schneider, A.; A.Schweiger, M.; Seefried, D.; Straetmans, D.; Trommer, A.; Weinhold, A.

Clinical Laboratory 57(9-10): 669-675


ISSN/ISBN: 1433-6510
PMID: 22029181
Document Number: 10847
Background: The present proficiency study aimed to elucidate the comparability and reliability of test systems for the determination of AFP concentrations. Methods: 25 laboratories using 8 different commercial test systems used liquid BIOREF-AFP control serum in their routine internal quality control over a period of one year. For statistical analysis the results were collected centrally. Results: The statistical analysis of the test results revealed considerable variation for the different laboratories. The deviations of the mean values of different laboratories from the overall mean value varied between 0.1 and 26.1 %, and for most of the laboratories the deviation was round about 10 %. The precision of measured values in the individual laboratories was in most cases acceptable: Nevertheless, the coefficients of variation of the individual laboratories ranged from 1.3 to 16.1 %. Conclusions: : In conclusion, this study indicates that AFP results vary between different laboratories albeit an international standard for AFP is available. Therefore, every laboratory should participate in external ring studies and should use a quality control serum independent of the test kit manufacturer for the internal quality control.

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Alpha-1-Fetoprotein (AFP): International Proficiency Study With Different Test Systems